Conjunction Bahasa Inggris

Conjunction Bahasa Inggris

Conjunction adalah kata sambung/penghubung atau kelompok kata dalam bahasa Inggris yang berfungsi menghubungkan dua kata, frase, atau kalimat. Dalam penggunaannya diperlukan pemahaman konteks kalimat dan arti dari conjunction-nya. Macam-macam kata hubung   ada dua, yaitu coordinative conjunction dan subordinative conjunction.

 

  1. A. Coordinative Conjunction

 

Konjugasi yang menghubungkan klausa yang setara.

 

  1. Correlative Conjunction

Konjungsi yang dalam pemakaiannya berpasangan dengan konjungsi lain.

  1. Both… and… = keduanya baik… maupun… .

Contoh:  Both  my  brother  and  sister  are  in

London now.

  1. Either… or… = baik… atau… .

Contoh: You can go to the market either by bus

or by motorcycle.

  1. Neither… nor… = tidak… maupun… .

Contoh: He has neither food nor water.

  1. Not only… but also… = tidak hanya… tetapi

juga… .

Contoh: She has not only a big house but also

a wide garden.

 

  1. Conjunctive Adverb

Conjunctive adverb yaitu kata keterangan yang berfungsi sebagai penghubung klausa atau kalimat. a.    Nevertheless, however, yet = namun

Contoh: She doesn’t earn much; however, he

can send his children to college.

  1. Therefore,  accordingly,  hence,  as  a  result  =

oleh karena itu

Contoh: She always works hard; therefore, she

is promoted to a manager of the company.

  1. Thus = dengan demikian

Contoh: The girl is very beautiful; thus, she is

liked by the boys.

  1. Besides, in addition = di samping itu

Contoh: She is clever; in addition, she is rich.

  1. Moreover, furthermore = lagi pula

Contoh: He was very handsome; moreover, he

was very polite.

 

  1. Subordinative Conjunction

 

Konjungsi  yang  menghubungkan  klausa  yang  tidak

setara.

 

  1. Keterangan Sebab

Ditandai dengan konjungsi: as, since, because, because of, due to, on account of the fact that, owing to the fact that… = karena.

Contoh:

  1. She is absent because/as/for/since he is sick.

kalimat

  1. She is sick due to/because of the cold weather.

noun

 

  1. Keterangan Pertentangan

Ditandai dengan konjungsi: although, though, even though, even if, despite, in spite of = meskipun/ walaupun.

Contoh:  He is happy although he has no money at all.

 

  1. Keterangan Syarat

Ditandai dengan konjungsi: if (jika, seandainya), unless (kecuali jika), provided that (asalkan), on condition that (dengan syarat), as long as (selama), otherwise (jika tidak).

Contoh: I will give the money if you work for me.

 

  1. Keterangan Waktu

Menggunakan konjungsi: when/as/while (ketika), since  (sejak),  after  (setelah),  before  (sebelum), as soon as (segera setelah), in the mean time (sementara itu), till/until (sampai).

Contoh: She has been living here since 1980.

 

  1. Keterangan Akibat dan Tujuan

Ditandai dengan konjungsi: so that (sehingga), so…that (sangat… sehingga), such… that (sangat… sehingga), in order that (agar, supaya).

Contoh: They studied hard in order that they passed the exam.

 

  1. Keterangan Perbandingan dan Cara

Menggunakan konjungsi: as if, as though (seolah- olah), as (sebagaimana), as…as (se…/ sama…), than (daripada).

Contoh: He walked around as though he was in a daze.

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