Direct-Indirect Speech Bahasa Inggris

Direct-Indirect Speech Bahasa Inggris

DIRECT SPEECH

 

Direct speech adalah kalimat langsung/kutipan asli suatu pembicaraan tanpa adanya suatu perubahan. Penulisan direct speech selalu diapit oleh tanda kutip dan kalimat selalu diawali huruf kapital.

 

  1. INDIRECT SPEECH

 

Indirect  speech  adalah  kalimat  tidak  langsung/ bentuk kalimat yang menceritakan kembali pendapat/ pembicaraan seseorang yang mengalami modifikasi tertentu. Terdapat tiga jenis Indirect Speech:

 

  1. Kalimat Berita/Pernyataan (declarative/

statement)

  1. Direct : He says: ‘I go to school everyday.’ Indirect : He says that he goes to school

everyday.

  1. Direct : Doni said: ‘I am doing my job here

now.’

Indirect : Doni said that he was doing his job

there then.

 

 

 

 

 

Doni

said  

that

 

he was doing his job

 

there then

told

 

Catatan:

–      Kedua bentuk mempunyai arti yang sama.

–      Kalau induk kalimatnya present, anak kalimat-

nya tidak ada perubahan tenses, yang ber-

ubah  hanya kata  ganti (pronoun) dan kata

keterangan (adverbial).(Lihat contoh a)

–      Kalau induk kalimatnya past, anak kalimatnya

ada    perubahan     tenses,    pronoun,     dan

adverbial. (Lihat contoh b)

 

  1. Kalimat Perintah (imperative/command/request)

 

  1. Positive Imperative

Direct    : Doni said: ‘Close the door!’

Indirect : Doni asked me to close the door.

 

 

 

Doni

Asked Me  

 

 

to

 

 

 

Close the door

Told Him
Advised Her
Commanded Joko
Ordered The Girl

 

 

  1. Negative Imperative

Direct    : Doni said: ‘Don’t close the door!’

Indirect : Doni asked me not to close the door.

Asked                Me

 

 

Doni

Told                 Him

Commanded        Joko

Ordered         The boy

Not    To    Close the door

 

  1. Kalimat Tanya (interogative/question)
  2. Tanpa kata tanya

Direct    : Doni asked: ‘Do you know Stephen

Covey?’

Indirect : Doni asked if (whether) I knew

Stephen Covey.

 

 

 

Doni

asked  

 

If/

whether

 

 

I

 

 

knew

 

 

Stephen

Covey

wondered
wanted to know
inquired

Catatan:

Kalimat tanya tanpa kata dapat dijawab: ‘Yes, I do’

atau ‘No, I don’t’.

 

  1. Dengan kata tanya

Direct    : Doni asked: Who is Stephen Covey?’

Indirect : Doni asked who  Stephen Covey is.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Doni

 

 

 

Asked

Me  

 

 

who

 

 

 

Stephen

Covey

 

 

 

is

Him
Her
Joko
The Girl
 

wanted to know

 

who

Stephen

Covey

 

is

about Stephen Covey
inquired about Stephen Covey

 

Catatan:

Semua  kata  tanya  dapat  dipergunakan  (who,

whom, whose, what, which, why, where, when,

how)

 

  1. PERUBAHAN TENSES

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Direct Indirect
Simple Present Tense Simple Past Tense
Present Continuous Tense Past Continuous Tense
Present Perfect Tense Past Perfect Tense
Present Perfect

Continuous Tense

Past Perfect Continuous

Tense

Simple Past Tense Past Perfect Tense
Past Continuous Tense Past Perfect Continuous

Tense

Simple Future Tense Past Future Tense
 

Future Continuous Tense

Past Future Continuous

Tense

Future Perfect Tense Past Future Perfect Tense
Future Perfect Continuous

Tense

 

Past Future Perfect Tense

Past Future Tense Past Perfect Future Tense
Past Future Continuous

Tense

Past Perfect Future

Continuous Tense

 

 

Perubahan pada  

Direct

 

Indirect

 

Pronoun

I She/He
We They
Possessive

Pronoun

My Her/His
Our Their
Keterangan Tempat (Adverb of Place)  

 

Here

 

 

There

Demon- strative Adjective This That
These Those
 

 

 

 

 

Keterangan Waktu (Adverb of Time)

Now Then
Today That day
 

Tomorrow

The next day
The day after
The following day
Yesterday The day before
                 ago           before
The day before

yesterday

Two days before
Last         The          before
Next          The          after

The following

 

 

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