Elliptic Sentences Bahasa Inggris

Elliptic Sentences Bahasa Inggris

Penggabungan   dua   kalimat   dengan   penghilangan bagian predikat yang sama dari suatu kalimat.

 

  1. A. GABUNGAN SETARA

 

Gabungan  setara  menggunakan  kata  hubung  ‘and’.

Gabungan setara dibagi dua, yaitu positif dan negatif.

 

  1. Positif

Untuk kalimat positif digunakan kata hubung  ‘so’

dan ‘too’.

Polanya:

a.           Menggunakan auxiliary.

S1 + auxiliary + (V) – and – S2 + auxiliary + too

S1 + auxiliary + (V) – and – so + auxiliary + S2

Contoh:

–      Anton is handsome and Joko is too.

–      Anton is handsome and so is Joko.

 

  1. Tidak menggunakan auxiliary:

S1 + V1 – and – S2 + do/does + too

S1 + V1 – and – so + did + S2

Contoh:

–      I like Madonna. He likes Madonna.

I like Madonna and he does too.

I like Madonna and so does he.

–      He came there. She came there.

He came there and she did too.

He came there and so did she.

 

Auxiliary (kata kerja bantu) dibagi dua, yaitu:

  1. auxiliary – Past à    did, was, were
  2. auxiliary – Present à    is, am, are, do, does

 

  1. Negatif

Untuk  kalimat  negatif  digunakan  kata  hubung

either’ dan ‘neither’.

Polanya:

S1 + auxiliary not (V) – and – S 2 + auxiliary not + either

S1 + auxiliary not (V) – and – neither + auxiliary + S2

 

Contoh:

–      He is not studying. She is not studying.

He is not studying and she is not either.

He is not studying and neither is she.

  1. GABUNGAN SETARA BERLAWANAN

 

Untuk  kondisi  berlawanan  digunakan  kata  hubung

but/while’.

Polanya:

S1 + auxiliary (V) – but/while – S2 + auxiliary not

S1 + auxiliary not (V) – but/while – S2 + auxiliary

Contoh:

My sister will be interested in reading this book while

my son won’t.

S1 + V1– but/while – S2+ do/does not

S1 + V2– but/while – S2+ did not

 

Contoh:

–      I like ice cream but he doesn’t.

–      He doesn’t like ice cream but I do.

 

  1. GABUNGAN/KATA SAMBUNG BERPASANGAN

 

  1. Untuk kalimat positif dan negatif

Polanya:

Either         or .. (baik: .. , maupun … )

 

Contoh:

The boy goes to the party. We go to the party.

Either the boy or we go to the party.

 

  1. Untuk kalimat negatif

Polanya:

Neither         nor         (baik … maupun … tidak … )

 

Contoh:

–      He is not a teacher. She is not a teacher.

Neither he nor she is a teacher.

–      He doesn’t speak French. I don’t speak French.

Neither he nor I speak French

 

 

 

 

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