Modal Bahasa Inggris

Modal Bahasa Inggris

Modal sering disebut juga sebagai auxiliary karena fungsinya dalam kalimat adalah sebagai kata kerja bantu.

 

  1. A. MODAL PRESENT

Rumus: S + MODAL (will, shall, must, may, ought to, can) + V1

 

Modal Fungsi Contoh
Will (to be going to)

= akan

menyatakan peristiwa yang akan datang He will arrive tomorrow
menyatakan permintaan sopan Will you open the door, please?
 

 

Shall

= akan

menyatakan peristiwa yang akan datang We shall leave here next month.
menyatakan persetujuan Shall I open the door?
menyatakan  keputusan yang harus dilaksanakan  

You shall open the door now!

 

Must (has/have to)

= harus, pasti

keharusan (tidak boleh tidak dikerjakan) You must study hard.
 

kesimpulan sekarang (present)

He has been living in USA for 10 years. He must speak English well.
May

= mungkin, boleh

kemungkinan sekarang (present) He is absent. He may be sick.
ijin May I go now?
Ought to

= seharusnya

 

menyatakan keharusan

You ought to practice a lot before the competition.
Can

= dapat, mampu

kemampuan I can sing.
menyatakan kebolehan/ijin Can I borrow your car?

 

  1. MODAL PAST

Rumus: S + MODAL PAST (would, should, must/had to, might, could) + V1

 

Modal past Keterangan Fungsi Contoh
Would

= akan

bentuk past dari will  

menyatakan permintaan sopan

Would you like to open the door,

please?

Should

= akan

bentuk past dari will menyatakan sesuatu yang seharusnya

dikerjakan/tidak dikerjakan

The man should not swim in that

dangerous beach.

 

Must (had to)

= harus, pasti

 

bentuk past dari will/has to/have to

 

keharusan (tidak boleh tidak dikerjakan)

You must/had to study in biology

class yesterday.

 

kesimpulan sekarang (present)

He has been living in USA for 10 years. He must speak English well.
Might

= mungkin,

boleh

 

bentuk past dari may

menyatakan ungkapan yang lebih sopan Joni might do the exam well.
 

menyatakan kemungkinan besar

Ariel was absent yesterday. He

might be sick.

Could

= dapat, mampu

bentuk past

dari can

menyatakan permintaan yang lebih sopan Could you open the door please?
menyatakan kebolehan/ijin You could open the window.

 

  1. MODAL PERFECT

Rumus: S + MODAL (must, might, should, could) + have + V3

 

Modal past Fungsi Contoh
Must have + V3 kesimpulan lampau Anto passed the exam. He must have studied.
Might have + V3 kemungkinan lampau Anto was absent. He might have been sick.
 

 

Should have + V3

keharusan yang tak dikerjakan pada waktu lampau Contoh: Anto didn’t pass. He should have studied.

Fakta berlawanan arti: He didn’t study.

 

kesimpulan sekarang (present)

He has been living in USA for 10 years. He must speak

English well.

 

Could have + V3

 

kemampuan yang tak digunakan di waktu lampau

Anto could have done the homework himself.

Fakta berlawanan arti: He didn’t do the homework

himself.

Pinterin

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