Rangkuman Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10 Bab 10

Guru Madrasah

Rangkuman Materi Bahasa Inggris Kelas 10 Bab 10

Chapter 10 : B.J. Habibie

Recount Text

Definition of Recount Text

Recount text is a text that explain for the experience that happened in the past.

(Recount text adalah sebuah teks yang menjelaskan pengalaman yang terjadi di masa lampau).

Since happened in the past of course must use simple past tense.

(Karena terjadi dimasa lampau tentu saja kita harus menggunakan simple past tense)

Structure of Recount Text

Structure of recount text is:

(Struktur dari recount text adalah: )

  • Orientation
  • Series of events
  • Reorientation

In orientation, we tell the introduction of situation we want to tell, such as who, what, when, and where.

(Dalam orientation kita memperkenalkan situasi yang akan kita sampaikan, seperti siapa, apa, kapan, dan dimana)

In series of events, we tell the experience we had in chronological order, start from first until the end.

(Dalam series of events, kita menjelaskan pengalaman yang terjadi secara berurutan, mulai dari awal hingga akhir)

In reorientation, we give personal comments regarding the events. It’s really depend to the experience itself, can be positive or negative.

(Dalam reorientation, kita memberikan pendapat pribadi kita tentang kejadian tersebut. Nah ini sangat bergantung pada pengalaman tersebut, bisa saja komentar positif ataupun negatif)

Recount Text Example

Here below the examples of recount text:

(Dibawah ini adalah contoh dari recount text: )

B.J. Habibie

Bacharuddin Jusuf Habibie known as BJ. Habibie was born on 25 June 1936. He was the Third President of the Republic of Indonesia (1998–1999). Habibie was born in Parepare, South Sulawesi Province to Alwi Abdul Jalil Habibie and R.A. Tuti Marini Puspowardojo. His father was an agriculturist from Gorontalo of Bugis descent and his mother was a Javanese noblewoman from Yogyakarta. His parents met while studying in Bogor. When he was 14 years old, Habibie’s father died.

Following his father’s death, Habibie continued his studies in Jakarta and then in 1955 moved to Germany. In 1960, Habibie received a degree in engineering in Germany, giving him the title Diplom-Ingenieur. He remained in Germany as a research assistant under Hans Ebner at the Lehrstuhl und Institut für Leichtbau, RWTH Aachen to conduct research for his doctoral degree.

In 1962, Habibie returned to Indonesia for three months on sick leave. During this time, he was reacquainted with Hasri Ainun, the daughter of R. Mohamad Besari. The two married on 12 May 1962, returning to Germany shortly afterwards. Habibie and his wife settled in Aachen for a short period before moving to Oberforstbach. In May 1963 they had their first son, Ilham Akbar Habibie, and later another son, Thareq Kemal Habibie.

When Habibie’s minimum wage salary forced him into part-time work, he found employment with the Automotive Marque Talbot, where he became an advisor. Habibie worked on two projects which received funding from Deutsche Bundesbahn. Due to his work with Makosh, the head of train constructions offered his position to Habibie upon his retirement three years later, but Habibie refused.

Habibie did accept a position with Messerschmitt-Bölkow-Blohm in Hamburg. There, he developed theories on thermodynamics, construction, and aerodynamics known as the Habibie Factor, Habibie Theorem, and Habibie Method, respectively. He worked for Messerschmit on the development of the Airbus A-300B aircraft. In 1974, he was promoted to vice president of the company.

In 1974, Suharto requested Habibie to return to Indonesia as part of Suharto’s drive to develop the country. Habibie initially served as a special assistant to Ibnu Sutowo, the CEO of the state oil company Pertamina. Two years later, in 1976, Habibie was made Chief Executive Officer of the new state-owned enterprise Industri Pesawat Terbang Nusantara (IPTN). In 1978, he was appointed as Minister of Research and Technology. Habibie was elected vice president in March 1998. On 21 May 1998, Suharto publicly announced his resignation and Habibie was immediately sworn in as president. Habibie’s government stabilized the economy in the face of the Asian financial crisis and the chaos of the last few months of Suharto’s presidency.

Since relinquishing the presidency, Habibie has spent more time in Germany than in Indonesia. However, he has also been active as a presidential adviser during Susilo Bambang Yudoyono’s presidency. In September 2006, he released a book called Detik-Detik Yang Menentukan: Jalan Panjang Indonesia Menuju Demokrasi (Decisive Moments: Indonesia’s Long Road Towards Democracy). The book recalled the events of May 1998.

Simple Past Tense

Simple past tense is used when we talk about something happened in the past.

(Simple past tense digunakan ketika berbicara tentang sesuatu yang telah terjadi di masa lampau).

Formula of Simple Past Tense

For positive form:

S + V2

For negative form:

S + did + not + v1

For interrogative form:

Did + S + V1 + ?

Example of Simple Past Tense

Here below the example of simple past tense in each form:

(Berikut ini adalah contoh dari simple past tense dalam setiap bentuk: )

Example 1

(+) I played a lot yesterday.

(-) I did not play a lot yesterday.

(?) Did I play a lot yesterday?

Example 2

(+) You broke the glass last night.

(-) You did not break the glass last night.

(?) Did you break the glass last night?

Irregular Verb

Irregular verb is different with regular verb in the past tense.

(Irregular verb berbeda dengan regular verb dalam past tense)

If usually in regular verb, we just added -ed in the end of word, irregular verb is has different form for v2.

(Jika biasanya dalam regular verb, kita hanya menambahkan -ed dibelakang kata, irregular verb memiliki bentuk berbeda untuk v2 nya)

Here the examples of irregular verb:

(Berikut ini adalah contoh dari irregular verb: )

become - became - menjadi
abide - abode - berdiam
arise - arose - terbit
awake - awoke - bangun
build - built - membangun
buy - bought - membeli
bring - brought - membawa
bend - bonded - membengkokkan
eat - ate - makan
fall - fell - jatuh
feed - fed -  memberi makan
flee - fled - melarikan diri
fly - flew - terbang
foresee - foresaw - mengetahui lebih dahulu
see - saw - melihat
get - got - mendapat
lose - lost - kehilangan
make - made - membuat
mow - mowed - menyabit
hide - hid - bersembunyi